arbeitWork & profession

If you want to work in Germany, you need an Arbeitserlaubnis (work permit). In most of the cases it is necessary, that the professional qualification that you acquired in your country of origin is approved in Germany. Usually, you should be able to speak and write German well.

Here you find specific Beratungsstellen (Information Centres) and offers in Bremen, that can help you to work in Germany. The “Bundesamt für Migration und Flüchtlinge – BAMF” (federal office for migration and refugees) has made a list with questions and answers for refugees.

  • How well do I have to speak German in order to work?

    In most of the companies, German is spoken. Therefore, it is important, to learn the German language quickly. For different jobs you need different levels of language. For some companies, it is very important that you speak German very well, for instance if you have to talk with clients as a shop assistant. For some professions, you need specific vocabulary, for instance as a doctor. Where you can learn this special language is explained under language courses.

  • How can I find work?

    In Germany, you can apply for a job a directly with the company. Job vacancies can usually be found on the websites of the companies. But also the Arbeitsagentur (Federal Employment Office) and the Jobcenter can helpt you to find a job. This is called Arbeitsvermittlung (employment agency).

    If you don’t exactly know in which profession you want to work in, you can get advice at the job counselling. It is also possible at many companies to do an internship.

  • What das "Mindestlohn" (minimum wage) mean?

    In Germany, usually everybody earns at least 8,50 € per hour. This is determined by law. Its purpose is, that working people are not exploited. But there are many exceptions and special regulations. For example for people, who have been without a job for a long time and want to start again. If you have questions concerning the minimum wage, you can ask at the “Jobcenter“,  the “Arbeitsagentur” or the trade unions.

  • How long is a working day in Germany?

    Usually, a working day in Germany has 8 hours. As an exception, 10 hours per day are permitted. If you are asked to work more than it says in your contract, your employer has to pay for the “Überstunden” (overtime) or give a day off. If you have questions, contact the trade unions or the “Bremer Arbeitnehmerkammer” (Chamber of Employees).

  • What is "Schwarzarbeit" (illegal employment)?

    It means that your employer pays you in cash and does not pay taxes and social security. Illegal employment is forbidden in Germany.

  • What is a "Mini-Job"?

    With a Mini-Job, you 15 hours a week maximum  and you earn maximum 450 € per month. You don’t have to pay benefits for social security. Your employer pays the whole amount in your account. If you receive “Arbeitslosengeld” (unemployment benefit), you have to report your Mini-Job. The “Jobcenter” will cut your unemployment benefit, so that you get less money.

  • What is "Leiharbeit" (temporary employment)?

    In Germany, there are “Zeitarbeitsfirmen” (agencies for temporary work), that lend their employees to other companies. This is called “Leiharbeit” (temporary employment). For refugees, their are certain regulation, whether they are allowed to work in temporary employment or not. You can get further information at the “Arbeitsagentur” (Federal Employment Office), the “Jobcenter”  or Beratungsstellen (counselling centres).

  • Was bedeutet Mini-Job?

    Bei einem Mini-Job arbeiten Sie maximal 15 Stunden in der Woche und verdienen höchstens 450 Euro im Monat. Sie müssen keine Sozialabgaben bezahlen. Ihr Chef überweist Ihnen das ganze Geld auf Ihr Konto. Wenn Sie vom Jobcenter Arbeitslosengeld bekommen, müssen Sie den Mini-Job aber melden. Das “Jobcenter” kürzt dann das Arbeitslosengeld, das heißt, das Jobcenter gibt Ihnen weniger Geld.

  • Was ist Leiharbeit?

    Es gibt in Deutschland Zeitarbeitsfirmen, die ihre Mitarbeiter an andere Firmen ausleihen. Das heißt Leiharbeit. Für Geflüchtete gibt es bestimmte Regeln, ob sie als Leiharbeiter arbeiten dürfen oder nicht. Informationen erhalten Sie von der “Arbeitsagentur“, dem “Jobcenter” oder Beratungsstellen.

  • Ich habe Fragen zu meinem Arbeitsvertrag - wo kann ich mich beraten lassen?

    Beratungsstellen wie zum Beispiel “Faire Integration” beantworten Ihnen Fragen zum Arbeitsrecht in Deutschland. Hier können Sie auch Ihren persönlichen Arbeitsvertrag besprechen.


Offers for refugees

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